KHADI

Khadi or Khaddar (Bengali: খদ্দর/ খাদি, Hindi: खादी, Urdu: کھدر, کھڈی ) is a term for handspun and hand-woven cloth from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan primarily made out of cotton.

The cloth is spun into yarn on a spinning wheel called a charkha. It is a versatile fabric, cool in summer and warm in winter.

Mahatma Gandhi began promoting the spinning of Khadi for rural self-employment and self-reliance in 1920s India. The British would buy cotton from India at cheap prices and export them to Britain where they were woven to make clothes. These clothes were then brought back to India to be sold at hefty prices. The Khadi movement was set to promote and support Indian goods, thereby improving India's economy.  Khadi became an integral part and icon of the Swadeshi movement and a sign of freedom.

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