Khadi or Khaddar (Bengali: খদ্দর/ খাদি, Hindi: खादी, Urdu: کھدر, کھڈی ) is a term for hand-spun and hand-woven cloth from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan primarily made out of cotton.
The entire process of creating Khadi is done completely by hand and human power. Cotton is hand picked, carded and sorted from the seed. The raw cotton fiber is spun by hand into yarn on a spinning wheel called a charkha (many are made from old bicycle wheels). The yarn is then hand dyed in small batches and meticulously arranged on a hand loom and woven into a gorgeous and versatile fabric. Khadi keeps you cool in summer and warm in winter.Mahatma Gandhi began promoting the spinning of Khadi for rural self-employment and self-reliance in 1920's India. During that time, the British would buy cotton from India at cheap prices and export it to Britain where they were woven to make clothes. These clothes were then brought back to India and sold at hefty prices. The Khadi movement was set to promote and support locally & sustainable made Indian goods. Since then, Khadi became an integral part and icon of Gandhi's Swadeshi movement and a symbol of freedom.